The History of the Camera
The human beings of this world have always had the desire to relive the moments they experienced and see them exactly as they happened. This desire sent the imaginations of the world’s most innovative minds into overdrive as they tried to quench the deep yearning for something so fabulous.
One such talented mind was a scientist, astronomer, mathematician and philosopher, going by the name of Alhazen. He invented the camera obscura and pinhole camera. The pinhole camera consists of a light-proof box, some unrecorded film and a pinhole. A small hole is made in the aforementioned box, thus turning the whole set up into the pinhole camera. Alhazen’s camera works on a simple rule. Light from a scene or image on the film passes through the small hole and an inverted image then is projected on the opposite side of the box and the quality of the projection depends on the size of the pinhole. This creative invention is actually the same technique that’s used by major camera makers, such as Canon and Fujifilm, even in modern times.
40 years down the line a scientist named Edwin Land invented the Polaroid camera which could take a picture and print it in about one minute. The pictures produced by the camera would take about 10 minutes to develop at the best temperature of 21 degrees Celsius. Contrary to what many people thought, the Polaroid picture never needed to be shaken in order for it to develop faster. Shaking the image increased the chances of the image getting damaged, as it would cause blobs to appear on the photograph. In another 40 years, the disposable camera was introduced to the scene. This camera was developed by Fujifilm in 1986. From this moment onwards, the photography tools continued to evolve in a unique manner. Towards the late 20th century, cameras specific to the professionals were produced. In 1991 Kodak released its first professional digital camera system (DCS) which was great for photojournalists. The next biggest and possibly the final development of cameras we witness is the first phone that could take photos. The Japane Sharp’s J-SH04 was released in the year 2000 and was introduced as the world’s first camera phone. The J-SH04, or the ‘J Phone’, was a whopping 74g and had dimensions of 127 × 39 × 17 mm. It certainly does not constitute as a phone in these current times. This camera is probably heavier than the amateur ones available on the market.
The pictures taken on the J Phone were subpar and nothing at all to brag about. The small screen and the colour display resulted in the 2-megapixel pictures being dragged past the point of substandard. Nevertheless, the J Phone feeds the desires of the nation in a unique manner. It caused a domino effect for the world of smart phones, as well as camera ones. Now people can capture the heartfelt moments just as they happen, anytime anywhere.